Introduction of the "Rotterdam mandibular distractor" and a biomechanical skull analysis of mandibular midline distraction
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery , Volume 50 - Issue 6 p. 519- 522
The Rotterdam mandibular distractor (RMD) is a slim, rigid, boneborne distractor for use in midline distraction of the mandible. We did a biomechanical study to compare the RMD with the Trans Mandibular Distractor-flex (TMD-flex). This included an anatomical biomechanical study that was conducted on 9 dentate human cadaveric heads using both the RMD and the TMD-flex. In the vertical plane less tipping was measured in the RMD group than in the TMD-flex group. Significantly less skeletal tipping was found in the horizontal plane in the RMD group (P = 0.021). There was minimal difference in the intercondylar distance between the groups. As the amount of lateral displacement of the condyle was similar in both groups and there was less rotational movement in the RMD group, the TMD-flex would be expected to increase stress on the temporomandibular joint. As a result of the increased parallel widening in the vertical plane, more basal bone is being created and less relapse is expected using the RMD. The study design involves an in vitro anatomical model and conclusions must be drawn with care. At present clinical studies are under way and results will follow.