Purpose: To compare the efficacy of dexamethasone 0.1% eyedrops after phacoemulsification versus a single perioperative subconjunctival injection of betamethasone acetate 5.7 mg/mL to prevent anterior segment inflammation and macular edema. Setting: Rotterdam Eye Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Design: Randomized clinical trial. Methods: Patients scheduled for cataract surgery were randomly assigned to receive a perioperative subconjunctival injection of betamethasone acetate 5.7 mg/mL (Group 1) or postoperative administration of dexamethasone 0.1% eyedrops (Group 2). Primary outcomes were foveal thickness and macular edema on optical coherence tomography (OCT) and anterior chamber flare by a laser flare meter preoperatively and 4 weeks postoperatively. Secondary outcomes were intraocular pressure, need for additional outpatient clinic visits, phacoemulsification energy, verbal-rating pain scale, and corrected distance visual acuity. Results: The study enrolled 400 patients (400 eyes). Four weeks postoperatively, the mean flare values were significantly higher in Group 1 than in Group 2 (P=.003). The incidence of macular edema on OCT and clinically significant macular edema were not significantly different between groups (P=.685 and P=.386, respectively). No significant difference was observed in any other outcome measure. Conclusion: A single subconjunctival betamethasone acetate injection appears to be a useful alternative to prolonged postoperative administration of dexamethasone eyedrops in controlling intraocular inflammation and development of macular edema after phacoemulsification. Financial Disclosure: No author has a financial or proprietary interest in any material or method mentioned.

doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrs.2011.03.049, hdl.handle.net/1765/30998
Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Dieleman, M., Wubbels, R., van Kooten-Noordzij, M., & de Waard, P. (2011). Single perioperative subconjunctival steroid depot versus postoperative steroid eyedrops to prevent intraocular inflammation and macular edema after cataract surgery. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 37(9), 1589–1597. doi:10.1016/j.jcrs.2011.03.049