This study extends previous studies of human resource (HR) practices by examining how organizational commitment and work effort are related to the use of HR practices enhancing discretion and skills based on international comparative survey data from 26 European countries. By analyzing individual level data instead of the organizational level data that are examined in prior studies, this article allows investigating whether and how employee perceptions of HR practices are related to their attitudes and behavior. The multilevel analyses largely support the hypotheses that both the intensity and the consistency of these HR practices contribute to organizational commitment and work effort since they enhance the ability of employees and their willingness to cooperate and inform them about the expectations of the organization.

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International Journal of Human Resource Management
Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences

Koster, F. (2011). Able, willing, and knowing: The effects of HR practices on commitment and effort in 26 European countries. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(14), 2835–2851. doi:10.1080/09585192.2011.599946