This thesis focuses on the subject of cognitive diagnostic error in internal medicine; mistakes resulting from flaws in physicians’ reasoning processes. More specifically, this thesis addresses errors caused by confirmation and availability bias. Recently, the potential of cognitive factors to cause faults in diagnosis caught the attention of authors and policy-makers, and the topic is pursued in several position papers. Nonetheless, little empirical evidence supporting a relationship between cognitive factors and medical error exists. In this doctoral thesis, five experimental studies will be presented that focus on this theme.

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Financial support for publication of this dissertation was kindly provided by Astellas Pharma B.V., Servier Nederland Farma B.V., J.E. Jurriaanse Stichting, Abbott B.V.
R.M.J.P. Rikers (Remy) , J.L.C.M. van Saase (Jan)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van den Berge, K. (2012, February 2). Cognitive Diagnostic Error in Internal Medicine. Retrieved from