Assessment of drug-eluting stents and bioresorbable stents by grayscale IVUS and IVUS-based imaging modalities
Grayscale IVUS and IVUS-based imaging modalities during the last years have become useful in the assessment not only of drug eluting stent, but also of new bioresorbable vascular scaffolds. Although IVUS resolution is not sufficient for determining stent coverage (optical coherence tomography is the gold standard), serial IVUS can measure intimal hyperplasia, assess acute and late incomplete stent apposition, detect the presence and persistence of edge dissections, study edge effects and look for causes of restenosis and thrombosis. In addition other IVUS-based imaging modalities, such as IVUS-VH, iMAP or palpography, can be used to study the serial compositional and mechanical changes of the plaque behind stent struts and also to follow the bioresorption of the new bioresorbable scaffolds, analyzing the backscattering signal coming from the polymeric struts. This review details and evaluates grayscale IVUS and IVUS-based techniques findings in clinical trials, highlighting the usefulness of these imaging modalities in the study of drug eluting stents and bioresorbable vascular scaffold.