Sharia (popularly known as Islamic law) is based on the revelation of Koran and the traditions of Muhammad (sunna and hadith), but has been complemented by the work of Muslim scholars during the first four centuries of Islam. Sharia prescribes the religious and non-religious duties of Muslims. It also stipulates specific penalties for crimes such as robbery, adultery, incest/pedophilia, fornication, and rape.

Islamic law, Sharia
ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development
To be published in: J.G. Golson & O. Patterson (Eds.), Cultural sociology of the Middle East, Asia and Africa. London: SAGE, ISBN 978-1-412-98176-7
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Shehada, N.Y. (2011). The Sharia. In ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development. Retrieved from