Sharia (popularly known as Islamic law) is based on the revelation of Koran and the traditions of Muhammad (sunna and hadith), but has been complemented by the work of Muslim scholars during the first four centuries of Islam. Sharia prescribes the religious and non-religious duties of Muslims. It also stipulates specific penalties for crimes such as robbery, adultery, incest/pedophilia, fornication, and rape.

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Keywords Islamic law, Sharia
ISBN 978-1-412-98176-7
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Series ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development
Note To be published in: J.G. Golson & O. Patterson (Eds.), Cultural sociology of the Middle East, Asia and Africa. London: SAGE, ISBN 978-1-412-98176-7
Shehada, N.Y. (2011). The Sharia. In ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development. Retrieved from