Eleven infant boys presented with chin-up head posture, tonic downgaze and, on attempted upgaze, large-amplitude upward saccades with deceleration during the slow phase downward. The gaze-evoked upward saccades disappeared at the age of 2 or 3 years. In addition, they had high-frequency, small-amplitude horizontal pendular nystagmus that remained. Among these infant boys were 2 pairs of maternally related half-brothers, 2 cousins, and 2 siblings. Visual acuity ranged from 0.1 to 0.6, ERG-amplitudes (both A- and B-wave) were reduced, and severe myopia was found in 5 cases. Eight boys had CACNA1F mutations, and 1 boy had a NYX mutation, compatible with incomplete or complete congenital stationary nightblindness (iCSNB or cCSNB), respectively. This points to a defective synapse between the rod and the ON-bipolar cell causing the motility disorder: CACNA1F is located on the rod side of this synapse, whereas NYX is located on the side of the ON-bipolar cell. The coexistence of horizontal and vertical nystagmus has been previously described in dark-reared cats. Copyright

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doi.org/10.3109/09273970903396893, hdl.handle.net/1765/33131
Strabismus (London)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Simonsz, H., Florijn, R. J., van Minderhout, H. M., Bergen, A., & Kamermans, M. (2009). Nightblindness-associated transient tonic downgaze (NATTD) in infant boys with chin-up head posture. Strabismus (London), 17(4), 158–164. doi:10.3109/09273970903396893