Aim: To perform a comprehensive analysis of patients with breast cancer and solitary or single brain metastasis and to analyze factors influencing survival from brain metastasis. Methods: One hundred consecutive patients with single or solitary brain metastasis were treated in one institution in the years 2003-2009. Brain lesions were diagnosed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A total of 57% of patients underwent resection of brain metastasis, 95% of patients received whole-brain radiation therapy (WBRT) and 67% were treated systemically after WBRT. Results: Median survival from the detection of brain metastasis was 13 months and 28% of patients survived for 2 years. In 29 patients with solitary brain metastasis, median survival was 20 months (2-80 months) and in 71 patients with single brain metastasis it was 11 months (1-79 months) p = 0.01. Median survival from brain metastasis in patients with Recursive Partitioning Analysis Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RPA RTOG) prognostic class I, II and III was 22 months (4-80 months), 13 months (2-79 months) and 6 months (0.4-28 months), respectively, p < 0.0001. Median survival from brain metastasis in triple-negative, HER2, luminal B and luminal A subtypes was 11 months, 13 months, 16 months and 15 months, respectively (p = 0.60). Multivariate analysis revealed that RPA RTOG prognostic class I, neurosurgery and systemic therapy after WBRT were factors that correlated with survival. Conclusions: In patients with one metastatic lesion in the brain, affiliation to RPA RTOG prognostic class I and intensive local and systemic treatment had a strong correlation with survival. There was no significant correlation between biological subtype of cancer and survival.

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European Journal of Surgical Oncology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Niwińska, A, Pogoda, K, Murawska, M, & Niwiński, P. (2011). Factors influencing survival in patients with breast cancer and single or solitary brain metastasis. European Journal of Surgical Oncology, 37(7), 635–642. doi:10.1016/j.ejso.2011.05.002