A new and reliable mass spectrometric method using an isotope dilution method in combination with matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry (ID-MALDI-QqQ-MS/MS) has been developed and validated for the determination of concentrations of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir (TNV) in plasma from HIV-infected adults. The advantage of this new method is that (1) the method is ultrafast and(2) can be applied for high-throughput measurement of TNV in plasma. The method is based on a simple plasma deproteinization step in combination with the use of [adenine-13C5]-TNV as the internal standard. TNV and [adenine-13C5]-TNV were monitored by multiple reaction monitoring using the transition m/z 288.0 → 176.2 and m/z 293.2 → 181.2 for TNV and [adenine-13C5]-TNV, respectively. The method was validated according to the most recent FDA guidelines for the development and validation of (new) bio-analytical assays. Validated method parameters were: linearity, accuracy, precision and stability of the method. The lowest limit of quantification was 0.10 μmol/l, whereas the limit of detection determined at a signal-to-noise ratio (S/N = 3 : 1) in pooled drug free human control plasma was 0.04 μmol/l. The validated method was successfully applied and tested for its clinical feasibility by the analysis of plasma samples from selected HIV-infected adults receiving the prodrug tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. Observed plasma TNV concentrations ranged between 0.11 and 0.76 μmol/l and measured plasma TNV concentrations were within the therapeutically relevant concentration range. Copyright

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doi.org/10.1002/jms.1897, hdl.handle.net/1765/34239
Journal of Mass Spectrometry
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Meesters, R., van Kampen, J., Scheuer, R., van der Ende, M., Gruters, R., & Luider, T. (2011). Determination of the antiretroviral drug tenofovir in plasma from HIV-infected adults by ultrafast isotope dilution MALDI-triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 46(3), 282–289. doi:10.1002/jms.1897