Objective. The relationship between recurrent headache and reduced psychological well-being among adolescents has been well documented. Evidence also suggests that headache is associated with greater impediment to successful goal pursuits, which in turn is related to reduced well-being. The aim of this study was to investigate both the independent and interactive effects of headache and self-regulatory processes on daily positive and negative affect. Design and methods. In order to be able to investigate both concurrent and prospective relationships a daily diary design was employed. Independent variables were headache occurrence, daily goal frustration, and strategies to cope with these setbacks. Dependent variables were daily negative and positive affect. Eighty-nine adolescents from the general population aged 13-21 completed an on-line diary for 3 weeks. Data were analysed using multi-level modelling. Results. Negative affect was related to same day headache occurrence, high daily goal frustration, rumination, catastrophizing, other blame, and low coping efficacy beliefs. Furthermore, in the context of headache, coping efficacy appears to buffer the effects of goal frustration on same day negative affect. Negative affect on the next day was predicted by high daily goal frustration, rumination, catastrophizing, and low coping efficacy. In contrast, positive affect was related to no same day headache occurrence; low daily goal frustration, and high acceptance, positive refocusing, and coping efficacy. Positive affect on the following day was related to low daily goal frustration, rumination, and high positive refocusing. Conclusions. Daily goal frustration and cognitive coping strategies may provide important targets for interventions aimed at adolescent with reduced well-being due to headache.

doi.org/10.1348/135910710X500828, hdl.handle.net/1765/34310
British Journal of Health Psychology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Massey, E., Garnefski, N., Gebhardt, W., & van der Leeden, R. (2011). A daily diary study on the independent and interactive effects of headache and self-regulatory factors on daily affect among adolescents. British Journal of Health Psychology, 16(2), 288–299. doi:10.1348/135910710X500828