A common and histologically well defined subtype of glioma are the oligodendroglial brain tumors. Approximately 70% of all oligodendrogliomas have a combined loss of the entire 1p and 19q chromosomal arms. This remarkably high frequency suggests that the remaining arms harbor yet to be identified tumor suppressor genes. Identification of these causal genetic changes in oligodendrogliomas is important because they form direct targets for treatment. In this study we therefore performed targeted resequencing of all exons, microRNAs, splice sites and promoter regions residing on 1p and 19q on 7 oligodendrogliomas and 4 matched controls. Only one missense mutation was identified in a single sample in the ARHGEF16 gene. This mutation lies within- and disrupts the conserved PDZ binding domain. No similar ARHGEF16 mutations or deletions were found in a larger set of oligodendrogliomas. The absence of common somatic changes within genes located on 1p and 19q in three out of four samples indicates that no additional "second hit" is required to drive oncogenic transformation on either chromosomal arm.

doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0022000, hdl.handle.net/1765/34666
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Bralten, L., Nouwens, S., Kockx, C., Erdem-Eraslan, L., Hoogenraad, C., Kros, J., … French, P. (2011). Absence of common somatic alterations in genes on 1p and 19q in oligodendrogliomas. PLoS ONE, 6(7). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022000