Previous poverty assessments of Burkina Faso neglected some important methodological issues. They were therefore misleading and led to the so-called 'Burkinabè Growth-Poverty Parado', i.e., increasing poverty despite sustained macro-economic growth and constant inequality. We estimate that poverty significantly decreased between 1994 and 2003, i.e., growth was in contrast to what previous poverty estimates suggested 'pro-poor'. However, we also demonstrate that between 1994 and 1998, poverty indeed increased despite a good macro-economic performance. This was caused by a severe drought and the devaluation of the CFA Franc, which led to a profound deterioration of the purchasing power of the poor, an issue, which was also overseen by previous studies.

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ISS Staff Group 1: Economics of Sustainable Development
Journal of African Economies
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Grimm, M., & Günther, I. (2007). Growth and poverty in Burkina Faso: A reassessment of the paradox. Journal of African Economies, 16(1), 70–101. doi:10.1093/jae/ejk018