Kees Biekart and Alan Fowler describe what happens in the development of society as a political project. They present their Civic Driven Change: a framework for socio-political analysis and action, which has been refined and elaborated in earlier studies.

Arab Spring, civil society, domains for change, occupy movements, social change,
Development (Basingstoke)
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Biekart, K, & Fowler, A.F. (2012). A civic agency perspective on change. Development (Basingstoke) (Vol. 55, pp. 181–189). doi:10.1057/dev.2012.9