A 9-year-old girl born to healthy parents showed manifestations suggestive of ataxia telangiectasia (AT), such as short stature, sudden short bouts of horizontal and rotary nystagmus, a weak and dysarthric voice, rolling gait, unstable posture, and atactic movements. She did not show several cardinal features typical of AT such as frequent, severe infections of the respiratory tract. In contrast, she showed symptoms not generally related to AT, including microcephaly, profound motor and mental retardation, small hands and feet, severely and progressively reduced muscle tone with slackly protruding abdomen and undue drooling, excess fat on her upper arms, and severe oligoarthritis. A cranial MRI showed no cerebellar hypoplasia and other abnormalities. In peripheral blood samples she carried a de novo duplication of 3.14. Mb in chromosomal region 19q12 containing six annotated genes, UQCRFS1, VSTM2B, POP4, PLEKHF1, CCNE1, and ZNF536, and a de novo mosaic inversion 14q11q32 (96% of metaphases). In a saliva-derived DNA sample only the duplication in 19q12 was detected, suggesting that the rearrangements in blood lymphocytes were acquired. These findings reinforced the suspicion that she had AT. AT was confirmed by strongly elevated serum AFP levels, cellular radiosensitivity and two inherited mutations in the ATM gene (c.510_511delGT; paternal origin and c.2922-50_2940del69; maternal origin). This case suggest that a defective ATM-dependent DNA damage response may entail additional stochastic genomic rearrangements. Screening for genomic rearrangements appears indicated in patients suspected of defective DNA damage responses.

Ataxia telangiectasia, Duplication 19q12, Inversion inv(14)(q11q32), Mental retardation, Mosaic, Muscular weakness, Oligoarthritis, Pleckstrin homology domain-containing gene PLEKHF1, Speech delay, Ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase gene UQCRFS1
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejmg.2011.08.001, hdl.handle.net/1765/34933
European Journal of Medical Genetics
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Bartsch, O, Schindler, D, Beyer, V, Gesk, S, Van'T Slot, R, Feddersen, I, … Poot, M. (2012). A girl with an atypical form of ataxia telangiectasia and an additional de novo 3.14Mb microduplication in region 19q12. European Journal of Medical Genetics, 55(1), 49–55. doi:10.1016/j.ejmg.2011.08.001