Objective: This study aimed to identify the predictive role of direct resources (educational level and marital status) and self-management abilities on physical health and depressive symptoms in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods: Our cross-sectional questionnaire-based study included 1570 CVD patients, 917 COPD patients, and 412 patients with diabetes. Results: Physical health and depressive symptoms of COPD patients was lower than those of CVD and diabetic patients. Correlation analyses indicated that self-management abilities were strong indicators for physical health and depressive symptoms (all . p<. 0.001). This relationship was strongest for depressive symptoms. Self-management abilities were related to educational level in all groups (all . p<. 0.001). Regression analyses revealed that self-management abilities were strong predictors of physical health and depressive symptoms in all three patient groups (all . p<. 0.001). Conclusion: This research showed that self-management abilities are strong predictors of physical health and depressive symptoms. Practice implications: Interventions that improve self-management abilities may counteract a decline in physical health and depressive symptoms. Such interventions may be important tools in the prevention of the loss of self-management abilities, because they may motivate people who are not yet experiencing serious problems.

Abilities, Chronic diseases, Depressive symptoms, Health Promotion, Physical Health, Self-management
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2011.12.006, hdl.handle.net/1765/34941
Patient Education and Counseling
Erasmus School of Health Policy & Management (ESHPM)

Cramm, J.M, & Nieboer, A.P. (2012). Self-management abilities, physical health and depressive symptoms among patients with cardiovascular diseases, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes. Patient Education and Counseling, 87(3), 411–415. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2011.12.006