Currently, left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) and/or LV volumes are the established predictors of mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and severe LV dysfunction. With contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), precise delineation of infarct size is now possible. The relative merits of LVEF/LV volumes and infarct size to predict long-term outcome are unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the predictive value of infarct size assessed with contrast-enhanced MRI relative to LVEF and LV volumes for long-term survival in patients with healed myocardial infarction. Cine MRI and contrast-enhanced MRI were performed in 231 patients with healed myocardial infarction. LVEF and LV volumes were measured and infarct size was derived from contrast-enhanced MRI. Nineteen patients (8.2%) died during a median follow-up of 1.7 years (interquartile range 1.1 to 2.9). Cox proportional hazards analysis revealed that infarct size defined as spatial extent (hazard ratio [HR] 1.3, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 1.6, chi-square 6.7, p = 0.010), transmurality (HR 1.5, 95% CI 1.1 to 1.9, chi-square 8.9, p = 0.003), or total scar score (HR 6.2, 95% CI 1.7 to 23, chi-square 7.4, p = 0.006) were stronger predictors of all-cause mortality than LVEF and LV volumes. In conclusion, infarct size on contrast-enhanced MRI may be superior to LVEF and LV volumes for predicting long-term mortality in patients with healed myocardial infarction.

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Journal The American Journal of Cardiology
Roes, S, Kelle, S, Kaandorp, T.A.M, Kokocinski, T, Poldermans, D, Lamb, H.J, … Bax, J.J. (2007). Comparison of Myocardial Infarct Size Assessed With Contrast-Enhanced Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Left Ventricular Function and Volumes to Predict Mortality in Patients With Healed Myocardial Infarction. The American Journal of Cardiology, 100(6), 930–936. doi:10.1016/j.amjcard.2007.04.029