The C-Myb transcription factor is essential for hematopoiesis, including in the T-cell lineage. The C-Myb locus is a common site of retroviral insertional mutagenesis, however no recurrent genomic involvement has been reported in human malignancies. Here, we identified 2 types of genomic alterations involving the C-MYB locus at 6q23 in human T-cell acute leukemia (T-ALL). First, we found a reciprocal translocation, t(6;7)(q23;q34), that juxtaposed the TCRB and C-MYB loci (n = 6 cases). Second, a genome-wide copy-number analysis by array-based comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) identified short somatic duplications that include C-MYB (MYBdup, n = 13 cases of 84 T-ALL, 15%). Expression analysis, including allele-specific approaches, showed stronger C-MYB expression in the MYB-rearranged cases compared with other T-ALLs, and a dramatically skewed C-MYB allele expression in the TCRB-MYB cases, which suggests that a translocation-driven deregulated expression may overcome a cellular attempt to down-regulate C-MYB. Strikingly, profiling of the T-ALLs by clinical, genomic, and large-scale gene expression analyses shows that the TCRB-MYB translocation defines a new T-ALL subtype associated with a very young age for T-cell leukemia (median, 2.2 years) and with a proliferation/mitosis expression signature. By contrast, the MYBdupalteration was associated with the previously defined T-ALL subtypes.,
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Clappier, E., Cuccuini, W., Kalota, A., Crinquette, A., Cayuela, J.-M., Dik, W., … Soulier, J. (2007). The C-MYB locus is involved in chromosomal translocation and genomic duplications in human T-cell acute leukemia (T-ALL), the translocation defining a new T-ALL subtype in very young children. Blood, 110(4), 1251–1261. doi:10.1182/blood-2006-12-064683