BACKGROUND - QT prolongation is an important risk factor for sudden cardiac death. About 35% of QT-interval variation is heritable. In a recent genome-wide association study, a common variant (rs10494366) in the nitric oxide synthase 1 adaptor protein (NOS1AP) gene was found to be associated with QT-interval variation. We tested for association of 2 NOS1AP variants with QT duration and sudden cardiac death. METHODS AND RESULTS - The Rotterdam Study is a population-based, prospective cohort study of individuals ≥55 years of age. The NOS1AP variants rs10494366 T>G and rs10918594 C>G were genotyped in 6571 individuals. Heart rate-corrected QT interval (QTc) was determined with ECG analysis software on up to 3 digital ECGs per individual (total, 11108 ECGs from 5374 individuals). The association with QTc duration was estimated with repeated-measures analyses, and the association with sudden cardiac death was estimated by Cox proportional-hazards analyses. The rs10494366 G allele (36% frequency) was associated with a 3.8-ms (95% confidence interval, 3.0 to 4.6; P=7.8×10) increase in QTc interval duration for each additional allele copy, and the rs10918594 G allele (31% frequency) was associated with a 3.6-ms (95% confidence interval, 2.7 to 4.4; P=6.9×10) increase per additional allele copy. None of the inferred NOS1AP haplotypes showed a stronger effect than the individual single-nucleotide polymorphisms. There were 233 sudden cardiac deaths over 11.9 median years of follow-up. No significant association was observed with sudden cardiac death risk. CONCLUSIONS - Common variants in NOS1AP are strongly associated with QT-interval duration in an elderly population. Larger sample sizes are needed to confirm or exclude an effect on sudden cardiac death risk.

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Circulation (Baltimore)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Aarnoudse, A.-J., Newton-Cheh, C., de Bakker, P., Straus, S., Kors, J., Hofman, A., … Stricker, B. (2007). Common NOS1AP variants are associated with a prolonged QTc interval in the rotterdam study. Circulation (Baltimore), 116(1), 10–16. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.106.676783