The gender specificity of the relation between acculturation and problem behavior in Moroccan immigrant adolescents in the Netherlands was examined. Three previously identified classes of adolescents with similar patterns of acculturation were used: an integrated, separated, and ambivalent class. Girls with an ambivalent acculturation pattern showed more problems than the other girls on parent- and adolescent-reported internalizing and externalizing behavior. For boys, no effects of acculturation on problem behavior were found. The high number of conflicts between parents and their ambivalently acculturated daughters partly explained the relation between acculturation and problem behavior. The findings emphasized that gender and parentchild conflict should be considered when attempting to understand the complex relation between acculturation and problem behavior.

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Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Stevens, G., Vollebergh, W., Pels, T., & Crijnen, A. (2007). Problem behavior and acculturation in moroccan immigrant adolescents in the Netherlands: Effects of gender and parent-child conflict. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 38(3), 310–317. doi:10.1177/0022022107300277