Peak grip aperture has often been used to quantify the influence of illusions on judgments of size for action. However, a larger peak grip aperture need not mean that the object looks larger. It could also mean that it was grasped more carefully. These two possibilities can be distinguished on the basis of the velocity of grip closure just before contact. We let people grasp a bar that was placed on the shaft of a Müller-Lyer figure. The Müller-Lyer figure influenced the peak grip aperture. It did not influence the velocity of grip closure in the way that one would expect if size were misperceived. Thus there is no reason to assume that the perceived size guides the way that we reach and grasp an object.,
Experimental Brain Research
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Biegstraaten, M, de Grave, D.D.J, Brenner, E, & Smeets, J.B.J. (2007). Grasping the Müller-Lyer illusion: Not a change in perceived length. Experimental Brain Research, 176(3), 497–503. doi:10.1007/s00221-006-0744-8