Background: Feeding jejunostomy is frequently performed in patients undergoing oesophageal surgery, but can lead to serious complications. This prospective randomized trial compared the efficacy and complications of feeding jejunostomy with those of nasoduodenal tube feeding in oesophageal surgery. Methods: Over an 18-month period, 150 consecutive patients undergoing oesophageal resection were randomized to participate in the trial. Enteral access was by jejunostomy in 79 patients and by nasoduodenal tube in 71. Enteral feeding was started on the first day after surgery. Results: Full enteral feeding took 3 days to be established in both groups. Minor catheter-related complications occurred in 28 patients (35 per cent) in the jejunostomy group, and in 21 (30 per cent) in the nasoduodenal group (P = 0.488). One patient had jejunostomy leakage that required reoperation. Enteral nutrition was given for a median of 11 days in the jejunostomy group and for 10 days in the nasoduodenal group. Nine patients who had a jejunostomy and five with a nasoduodenal tube did not tolerate full enteral feeding (P = 0.411). Conclusion: Nasoduodenal tube feeding is safe and efficient after oesophageal resection. Copyright,
British Journal of Surgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Han-Geurts, I., Hop, W., Verhoef, K., Tran, K., & Tilanus, H. (2007). Randomized clinical trial comparing feeding jejunostomy with nasoduodenal tube placement in patients undergoing oesophagectomy. British Journal of Surgery, 94(1), 31–35. doi:10.1002/bjs.5283