Blood pressure (BP) is a frequently monitored parameter in research. Various methods are used to obtain BP values in animal models, but telemetry is the method of choice because it allows for continuous monitoring in conscious and freely moving animals. However, factors due to the animal facility, like activities and sound, can still influence measurements. We, therefore, retrospectively compared BP values in adult male Wistar rats during working hours with values from non-working days. Telemetry devices were implanted according to standard protocol. Values were obtained at the age of 6 and 12 months during working hours (Friday 10:00-16:00 h, lights on 06:00-18:00 h) and compared with data from the average of Saturday 10:00-16:00 h and Sunday 10:00-16:00 h, representing non-working days. Data were available from 12 and 7 rats at 6 months and 12 months of age respectively. Relative differences in heart rate, spontaneous locomotor activity, systolic and diastolic BP were 2.2% (P<0.001), 32.9% (P<0.05), 3.2% (P<0.05) and3.7% (P<0.05), respectively, with no differences between the age groups. We have shown a significant and important difference between BP values obtained during working hours and non-working days using telemetry in adult male Wistar rats. This phenomenon has implications for the interpretation of BP measurements in animals.

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Laboratory Animals: the international journal of laboratory animal science and welfare
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Schreuder, M., Fodor, M., van Wijk, J., & Delemarre-van de Waal, H. (2007). Weekend versus working day: Differences in telemetric blood pressure in male Wistar rats. Laboratory Animals: the international journal of laboratory animal science and welfare, 41(1), 86–91. doi:10.1258/002367707779399374