Objective: To develop a theoretical framework for analysing ethnic differences in determinants of participation and non-participation in prenatal screening for Down syndrome. Methods: We applied Weinstein's Precaution Adoption Process (PAP) Model to the decision of whether or not to participate in prenatal screening for Down syndrome. The prenatal screening stage model was specified by reviewing the empirical literature and by data from seven focus group interviews with Dutch, Turkish and Surinamese pregnant women in the Netherlands. Results: We identified 11 empirical studies on ethnic differences in determinants of participation and nonparticipation in prenatal screening for Down syndrome. The focus group interviews showed that almost all stages and determinants in the stage model were relevant in women's decision-making process. However, there were ethnic variations in the relevance of determinants, such as beliefs about personal consequences of having a child with Down syndrome or cultural and religious norms. Discussion: The prenatal screening stage model can be applied as a framework to describe the decision-making process of pregnant women from different ethnic backgrounds. It provides scope for developing culturally sensitive, tailored methods to guide pregnant women towards informed decision-making on participation or non-participation in prenatal screening for Down syndrome. Copyright

Down syndrome, Ethnic differences, Focus group interviews, Prenatal screening, Stage model
dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.1805, hdl.handle.net/1765/35720
Prenatal Diagnosis
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Fransen, M.P, Essink-Bot, M.L.E, Oenema, A, Mackenbach, J.P, Steegers-Theunissen, R.P.M, & Wildschut, H.I.J. (2007). Ethnic differences in determinants of participation and non-participation in prenatal screening for Down syndrome: A theoretical framework. Prenatal Diagnosis, 27(10), 938–950. doi:10.1002/pd.1805