Objective: Inflammation plays a role in the pathogenesis of dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD). Studies examining serum levels of C-reactive protein in relation to dementia yielded conflicting results. Since serum levels of C-reactive protein are partly determined by genetic factors, we examined the association between genetic variation in the C-reactive protein gene with dementia and AD. Methods: This study was performed in the Rotterdam Study, a population-based prospective cohort study among elderly. Polymorphisms in the C-reactive protein gene (1184C > T, 2042C > T and 2911C > G) tagging the common haplotypes were genotyped and haplotypes were constructed. During follow-up (mean 9.2 years) 607 dementia cases were identified. We estimated the association between polymorphisms and haplotypes with dementia and AD with Cox' proportional hazard models. Results: The T allele of the C-reactive protein 2042C > T polymorphism, related to lower serum levels of C-reactive protein, was associated with a lower risk of dementia and AD. This association was strongest in APOE ε4 allele carriers. Conclusion: These findings suggest that C-reactive protein plays a role in development of dementia.

Alzheimer's disease, C-reactive protein, Dementia, Haplotypes, Polymorphisms
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2006.06.015, hdl.handle.net/1765/35745
Neurobiology of Aging: age-related phenomena, neurodegeneration and neuropathology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

van Oijen, M, de Maat, M.P.M, Kardys, I, de Jong, F.J, Hofman, A, Koudstaal, P.J, … Breteler, M.M.B. (2007). Polymorphisms and haplotypes in the C-reactive protein gene and risk of dementia. Neurobiology of Aging: age-related phenomena, neurodegeneration and neuropathology, 28(9), 1361–1366. doi:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2006.06.015