Aims: The Ross operation is the operation of choice for children who require aortic valve replacement (AVR) and may also provide a good option in selected adult patients. Although the autograft does not require anticoagulation and has a superior haemodynamic profile, concern regarding autograft and allograft longevity has risen. In this light, we report the 13-year results of our prospective autograft cohort study. Methods and results: Between 1988 and 2005, 146 consecutive patients underwent AVR with a pulmonary autograft at Erasmus Medical Center Rotterdam. Mean age was 22 years (SD 13; range 4 months-52 years), 66% were male. Hospital mortality was 2.7% (N = 4); during follow-up four more patients died. Thirteen-year survival was 94 ± 2%. Over time, 22 patients required autograft reoperation for progressive neo-aortic root dilatation. In addition, eight patients required allograft reoperation. Freedom from autograft reoperation at 13 years was 69 ± 7%. Freedom from allograft reoperation for structural failure at 13 years was 87 ± 5%. Risk factors for autograft reoperation were previous AVR and adult patient age. Conclusion: Although survival of the Rotterdam autograft cohort is excellent, over time a worrisome increase in reoperation rate is observed. Given the progressive autograft dilatation, careful follow-up of these patients is warranted in the second decade after operation.

, , , ,,
European Heart Journal
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Klieverik, L. M. A., Takkenberg, H., Bekkers, J., Roos-Hesselink, J., Witsenburg, M., & Bogers, A. (2007). The Ross operation: A Trojan horse?. In European Heart Journal (Vol. 28, pp. 1993–2000). doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehl550