Background: Stent thrombosis is a safety concern associated with use of drug-eluting stents. Little is known about occurrence of stent thrombosis more than 1 year after implantation of such stents. Methods: Between April, 2002, and Dec, 2005, 8146 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with sirolimus-eluting stents (SES; n=3823) or paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES; n=4323) at two academic hospitals. We assessed data from this group to ascertain the incidence, time course, and correlates of stent thrombosis, and the differences between early (0-30 days) and late (>30 days) stent thrombosis and between SES and PES. Findings: Angiographically documented stent thrombosis occurred in 152 patients (incidence density 1·3 per 100 person-years; cumulative incidence at 3 years 2·9%). Early stent thrombosis was noted in 91 (60%) patients, and late stent thrombosis in 61 (40%) patients. Late stent thrombosis occurred steadily at a constant rate of 0·6% per year up to 3 years after stent implantation. Incidence of early stent thrombosis was similar for SES (1·1%) and PES (1·3%), but late stent thrombosis was more frequent with PES (1·8%) than with SES (1·4%; p=0·031). At the time of stent thrombosis, dual antiplatelet therapy was being taken by 87% (early) and 23% (late) of patients (p<0·0001). Independent predictors of overall stent thrombosis were acute coronary syndrome at presentation (hazard ratio 2·28, 95% CI 1·29-4·03) and diabetes (2·03, 1·07-3·83). Interpretation: Late stent thrombosis was encountered steadily with no evidence of diminution up to 3 years of follow-up. Early and late stent thrombosis were observed with SES and with PES. Acute coronary syndrome at presentation and diabetes were independent predictors of stent thrombosis.

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Journal The Lancet
Daemen, J, Wenaweser, P, Tsuchida, K, Abrecht, L, Vaina, S, Morger, C, … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2007). Early and late coronary stent thrombosis of sirolimus-eluting and paclitaxel-eluting stents in routine clinical practice: data from a large two-institutional cohort study. The Lancet, 369(9562), 667–678. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60314-6