Aims: For optimal efficacy, antiasthma drugs should be delivered to the desired region in the airways. To date, the optimal particle size for steroids in adults is not known. The aim of the study was to evaluate the pulmonary bioavailability for inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) aerosols of different particle sizes. Methods: In a randomized single-blind crossover trial, 10 mild asthmatic patients inhaled monodisperse BDP aerosols with mass median aerodynamic diameters (MMADs) of 1.5, 2.5 and 4.5 μm. Gastrointestinal absorption was blocked by activated charcoal. Plasma concentrations of 17-beclomethasone monopropionate (17-BMP) were measured by liquid chromatography plus mass spectrometry. Results: Aerosols with MMADs of 1.5 μm, 2.5 μm, and 4.5 μm gave mean maximum concentrations (Cmax) of 17-BMP of 475 pg ml-1, 1300 pg ml-1, and 1161 pg ml-1, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) values of 17-BMP for MMADs of 1.5 μm, 2.5 μm, and 4.5 μm were 825 pg ml-1h, 2629 pg ml-1h, and 2276 pg ml-1h, respectively. The mean terminal half-time of 17-BMP for all three aerosol sizes was around 1.5 h. Conclusions: Monodisperse BDP aerosols with a MMAD of 1.5 μm gave two-three fold lower values for Cmaxand AUC than those with MMADs of 2.5 and 4.5 μm.

Asthma, Monodisperse aerosols, Steroids,
British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Esposito-Festen, J.E, Zanen, P, Tiddens, H.A.W.M, & Lammers, J.-W.J. (2007). Pharmacokinetics of inhaled monodisperse beclomethasone as a function of particle size. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 64(3), 328–334. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2125.2007.02894.x