Hemoglobinopathies represent the most common genetic disorder worldwide, with a higher prevalence among populations with a history of malaria endemicity. More than 690 mutations in the human β-globin gene are usually the cause of β-type hemoglobinopathies. Here, we report a rapid and highly sensitive β-globin gene mutation screening approach based on denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography (DHPLC), which contrary to the previously described ones can be used in every HPLC apparatus. The sensitivity and specificity of the method were tested in 120 healthy Greek subjects and 25 β-thalassemia heterozygotes and homozygotes, in which 11 different β-globin sequence variations had been previously characterized by denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. Using this method, we were able to rapidly identify the commonest β-globin gene mutations, accounting for more than 90% of the mutant β-globin alleles reported for the Hellenic population. Compared to classical mutation screening approaches, our DHPLC approach provides the means for rapid, highly sensitive, cost-effective, and semi-automated simultaneous mutational scanning of a large number of samples.

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doi.org/10.1002/ajh.20723, hdl.handle.net/1765/36139
American Journal of Hematology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Bournazos, S., Tserga, A., Patrinos, G., & Papadakis, M. (2007). A versatile denaturing HPLC approach for human β-globin gene mutation screening. American Journal of Hematology, 82(2), 168–170. doi:10.1002/ajh.20723