Objective: We sought to assess mitral annular (MA) size and function in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) using real-time 3-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (RT3DE). Methods: The study included 30 patients with HCM, 20 patients with DCM, and 30 control subjects. RT3DE measurements included end-systolic and end-diastolic MA area (MAA) (MAA3D), MA diameter3D, MA fractional area change (MAFAC), and MA fractional shortening. In subgroup of 50 patients, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used for MAAMRIand MA diameterMRImeasurement. Results: End-diastolic MAA3Dwas larger in HCM than in control group (P < .0001). Higher MAFAC and MA fractional shortening were present in HCM than in control group (P = .001 and P = .006, respectively). End-systolic and end-diastolic MAA3Din DCM were higher than in HCM and control groups (P < .0001). Lower MAFAC and MA fractional shortening were present in DCM than in HCM and control groups (P < .0001). MAFAC correlated well with left ventricular function in control subjects (r = 0.94, P < .0001), whereas correlation was less in DCM (r = 0.53, P = .02) and HCM (r = 0.42, P < .01). RT3DE and MRI measurements were comparable. Conclusion: RT3DE assessment of MA size and function in control subjects and patients with cardiomyopathy is accurate and well correlated with MRI.

dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.echo.2007.01.026, hdl.handle.net/1765/36259
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Anwar, A.M, Soliman, O.I.I, Nemes, A, Germans, T, Krenning, B.J, Geleijnse, M.L, … ten Cate, F.J. (2007). Assessment of Mitral Annulus Size and Function by Real-time 3-Dimensional Echocardiography in Cardiomyopathy: Comparison with Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography, 20(8), 941–948. doi:10.1016/j.echo.2007.01.026