A consecutive case series of 55 children (0-17 years old) with arterial ischemic stroke is reported. Twenty of these children were critically ill at the time their stroke occurred. Mortality among these 20 children was 40%, compared with 3% in non-critically ill children with arterial ischemic stroke; overall mortality in this case series was 16%. Mortality resulted primarily from the underlying illness. Prognosis after stroke is markedly worsened in children with premorbid critical illness.

doi.org/10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2006.12.014, hdl.handle.net/1765/36299
Pediatric Neurology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Jordan, L., van Beek, J., Gottesman, R., Kossoff, E., & Johnston, M. (2007). Ischemic Stroke in Children with Critical Illness: A Poor Prognostic Sign. Pediatric Neurology, 36(4), 244–246. doi:10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2006.12.014