Objective: The Lee-risk index [Lee-index] was developed to predict major adverse cardiac events [MACE]. However, age is not included as a risk factor. The aim was to assess the value of the Lee-index in vascular surgery patients among different age categories. Methods: Of 2 642 patients cardiovascular risk factors were noted to calculate the Lee-index. Patients were divided into four age categories; ≤ 55(n = 396), 56-65 (n = 650), 66-75 (n = 1 058) and >75 years (n = 538). Outcome measures were postoperative MACE (cardiac death, MI, coronary revascularization and heart failure). The performance of the Lee-index was determined using C-statistics within the four age groups. Results: The incidence of MACE was 10.9%, for Lee-index 1, 2 and ≥3; 6%, 13% and 20%, respectively. However, the prognostic value differed among age groups. The predictive value for MACE was highest among patients under 55 year (0.76 vs 0.62 of patients aged > 75). The prediction of MACE improved in elderly (aged > 75) after adjusting the Lee-index with age, revised risk of operation (low, low-intermediate, high-intermediate and high-risk procedures) and hypertension (0.62 to 0.69). Conclusion: The prognostic value of the Lee-index is reduced in elderly vascular surgery patients, adjustment with age, risk of surgical procedure, and hypertension improves the Lee-index significantly.

Cardiac Risk, Elderly, Prognosis, Vascular surgery
dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ejvs.2007.05.002, hdl.handle.net/1765/36545
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Welten, G.M.J.M, Schouten, O, van Domburg, R.T, Feringa, H.H.H, Hoeks, S.E, Dunkelgrun, M, … Poldermans, D. (2007). The Influence of Aging on the Prognostic Value of the Revised Cardiac Risk Index for Postoperative Cardiac Complications in Vascular Surgery Patients. European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, 34(6), 632–638. doi:10.1016/j.ejvs.2007.05.002