We investigated differences in smoking prevalence between urban and non-urban area of residence in six Western European countries (Sweden, Finland, Denmark, Germany, Italy and Spain), and smoking prevalence trends over the period 1985-2000. In most countries, smoking prevalence was highest in urban areas, and increased with urbanization. Urban/non-urban inequalities were most pronounced among individuals with low education levels, and also among females. There were no significant differences in annual rate of change in smoking prevalence between non-urban and urban areas.

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doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2006.11.001, hdl.handle.net/1765/36771
Health & Place
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Idris, B., Giskes, K., Borrell, C., Benach, J., Costa, G., Federico, B., … Kunst, A. (2007). Higher smoking prevalence in urban compared to non-urban areas: Time trends in six European countries. Health & Place, 13(3), 702–712. doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2006.11.001