The Redes de Trueque (RT) thrived during the economic crisis of 2001 – 2002 in Argentina and still stand out as one of the largest Complementary Currency System in the world. These local exchange networks reach a large scale during times of severe economic distress, but as large non-state initiatives, they pose a governance problem. Four types of governance systems were structured within the Argentine RT, of varying degrees of sustainability: a) loosely regulated market systems, b) hierarchies, c) associational regional networks, and d) local communities. Based on a four dimensional analytical framework, this paper discusses the rules of governance and sustainability of the governance systems in the RT. It found that some became more sustainable than others in terms of achieving combinations of scale and organisational modes.

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ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development
International Journal of Community Currency Research
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Gómez, G. (2012). Governance and sustainability of the Argentine Complementary Currency Systems. International Journal of Community Currency Research, 16(special issue), 80–89. Retrieved from