We apply the theory of inequality in opportunity to measure inequity in mortality. Our empirical work is based on a rich dataset for the Netherlands (1998-2007), linking information about mortality, health events and lifestyles. We show that distinguishing between different channels via which mortality is affected is necessary to test the sensitivity of the results with respect to different normative positions. Moreover, our model allows for a comparison of the inequity in simulated counterfactual situations, including an evaluation of policy measures. We explicitly make a distinction between inequity in mortality risks and inequity in mortality outcomes. The treatment of this difference - “luck”- has a crucial in‡uence on the results.

equality of opportunities, equity, lifestyles, mortality
Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement (jel D63), Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality, Morbidity, Substance Abuse and Addiction, Disability, and Economic Behavior (jel I12)
Tinbergen Institute
hdl.handle.net/1765/37311
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper Series
Discussion paper / Tinbergen Institute
Erasmus School of Economics

García-Gómez, M.P, van Ourti, T.G.M, & Bago d'Uva, T.M. (2012). Inequity in the Face of Death (No. TI 12-084/3). Discussion paper / Tinbergen Institute (pp. 1–47). Tinbergen Institute. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/37311