In the second part of the 20th century, cancer became an important health problem worldwide. Life expectancy increased for many western populations from about 70 years in the 1950s to more than 80 years in 2010. Thereby the life span to develop cancer increased, as age is the most important risk indicator of cancer. The Danish Cancer Registry, the oldest nationwide cancer registry, showed that cancer incidence almost doubled in the last 70 years. In the Netherlands, cancer incidence increased with 50% since the 1970s. Fortunately, mortality from cancer started to decrease from the 1980s.

cancer, life expectancy, mortality, prognosis
J.W.W. Coebergh (Jan Willem) , L.A.L.M. Kiemeney (Bart)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Financial support for printing this thesis was provided by: –– Comprehensive Cancer Centre South (Integraal Kankercentrum Zuid) –– Comprehensive Cancer Centre Netherlands (Integraal Kankercentrum Nederland) –– Dutch Cancer Society –– Erasmus University Rotterdam –– Department of Public Health, Erasmus MC Rotterdam –– Bayer –– Pfizer Oncology ––
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Karim-Kos, H.E. (2012, November 21). Progress against cancer in the Netherlands since the late 1980s : population-based studies of incidence, prognosis and mortality. Erasmus University Rotterdam. Retrieved from