Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is not only limited to young patients. It is increasingly diagnosed in adults. Although the estimated prevalence in Europe ranges between 2 and 3% (48), the knowledge about adult ADHD pathophysiology and its neurobiological basis developed only in the past two decades, primarily stimulated by the rapid developments in modern genetic and imaging techniques. ADHD in adulthood leads to an array of major psychosocial problems such as social maladaptation, academic underachieving, antisocial and aggressive behaviour, relation problems, high risk sexual behaviour and car accidents (11,12;55;67;66). These factors in total lead to a negative impact on social and economic well-being of the individual.

W.M.A. Verhoeven (Wim)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam