Diagnosis-related deterioration of lung function after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.
The aim of the study was to assess lung function longitudinally after neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), and to identify any effects of diagnosis and perinatal characteristics. 121 neonatal ECMO-treated children (70 with meconium aspiration syndrome, 20 congenital diaphragmatic hernia and 31 with other diagnoses) performed a total of 191 lung function measurements at 5, 8 and/or 12 yrs. We assessed dynamic and static lung volumes, reversibility of airway obstruction and diffusion capacity. Mean SDS forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1)) at 5 yrs before and after bronchodilation (-0.51 and 0.07) was significantly higher than at 8 (-0.79 and -0.4; p<0.04) and 12 yrs (-1.10 and -0.52; p<0.003). Mean SDS for all spirometric parameters before and after bronchodilation were significantly lower in the congenital diaphragmatic hernia group compared with the other diagnostic groups (all p</=0.025). A significant volume of trapped air was observed in 86% patients with congenital diaphragmatic hernia, 50% with meconium aspiration syndrome and 58% with other diagnoses. After bronchodilation, mean SDS FEV(1) and forced vital capacity were negatively influenced by duration of ventilation (both p<0.001) and duration of ECMO (p=0.003 and p=0.02, respectively). Long-term pulmonary sequelae after neonatal ECMO-treatment mainly occur in congenital diaphragmatic hernia patients and tend to deteriorate over time.
|Keywords||Chronic lung disease, congenital diaphragmatic hernia, follow-up, long-term sequelae of neonatal lung disease, longitudinal changes in lung function, meconium aspiration syndrome|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1183/09031936.00189911, hdl.handle.net/1765/38012|
|Journal||The European Respiratory Journal|
Spoel, M, Laas, R, Gischler, S.J, Hop, W.C.J, Tibboel, D, de Jongste, J.C, & IJsselstijn, H. (2012). Diagnosis-related deterioration of lung function after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. The European Respiratory Journal, 40(6), 1531–1537. doi:10.1183/09031936.00189911