The standard empowerment model underlying gender policies by international organisations emphasises women's access to resources. This paper presents an exploratory analysis of the relative importance of access to resources as compared with women's agency, recognising that this agency may be limited by gendered institutional constraints. It presents a cross-country analysis with a variety of formal and informal gendered institutions, access to resources and well-being achievements. The regression analysis suggests that women's empowerment depends both on access to resources (positively) and on gendered institutions (negatively), with different institutions affecting different dimensions of empowerment.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Gender, Institutions, Women's empowerment
JEL Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination (jel J16), Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements: Legal, Social, Economic, and Political (jel O17)
Persistent URL,
Series ISS Staff Group 3: Human Resources and Local Development , EUR-ISS-EDEM
Journal Journal of International Development
van Staveren, I.P. (2013). An exploratory cross-country analysis of gendered institutions. Journal of International Development, 25(1), 108–121. doi:10.1002/jid.1850