Introduction: Across Europe, transplant centers vary in the set of psychosocial screening criteria/guidelines used for the selection of eligible living donors. Our aim was to explore whether a common framework underlies this variation in screening criteria and, based on this framework, to develop a consensus on the essential elements of psychosocial screening of living liver and kidney donors. In order to do so, a research question was set out to define a conceptual framework of the concept ‘Psychosocial’ in the context of screening living organ donors in Europe. We formulated the following research question: Which psychosocial screening criteria are most commonly reported and considered as most important or effective in selecting eligible kidney and liver donors?
Method: Concept mapping methodology was used to create a visual representation of the complex topic ‘Psychosocial’ in the context of screening living organ donors in Europe, in which underlying concepts, the relative importance of these concepts and the interplay between different concepts are organized. Initial psychosocial screening criteria (N=83) were derived from an extensive systematic literature review on guidelines, protocols and consensus statements on psychosocial screening practices, complemented by group brainstorm sessions. These criteria were then sorted and rated for their importance and effectiveness by 26 project participants. The data were analyzed using the Concept System Core© Software, which provided us with graphical depictions (concept maps) illustrating the view of project participants on these screening criteria. Pattern Matches and Go-Zones showed us the highlycommon, important and effective criteria.
Results: The concept map procedure resulted in six clusters of psychosocial screening criteria: (1) Motivation and decision making (2) Personal resources (3) Psychopathology (4) Social resources (5) Ethical and Legal factors (6) Information and risk processing. Bivariate rating of these criteria revealed which important criteria are already frequently used for screening and which require more attention. Based on the cluster map and bivariate ratings we constructed a conceptual framework for non-medical risk factors that need to be considered when screening potential living organ donors.
Conclusion: We provided a conceptual framework of psychosocial screening criteria which can serve as a practical recommendation for the psychosocial screening of potential living organ donors.

Living donor, concept mapping, psychosocial, screening, transplantation
Report 2012.10
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy

Ismail, S.Y, van der Knoop, M.M, Duerinckx, N, Timmerman, L, Papachristou, C, Ajoulat, I, … van Busschbach, J.J. (2012, October). An ELPAT definition of the concept ‘Psychosocial’ in the context of Screening Living Organ Donors in Europe: A Concept Mapping approach. Retrieved from