The aim of this study was to calculate the costs of the current initial treatment of acute myeloid leukemia. Resource use was collected for 202 patients who started with intensive chemotherapy in 2008 or 2009. The costs of the first induction course were significantly higher than the costs of the second induction course. Allogeneic transplantation from a matched unrelated donor was significantly more expensive than the other consolidation treatments. In-hospital stay was the major cost driver in the treatment of AML. Research regarding possibilities of achieving the same or better health outcome with lower costs is warranted.

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Keywords Acute myeloid leukemia, Consolidation treatment, Cost components, Costs, Follow-up, Induction treatment
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Journal Leukemia Research: clinical and laboratory studies
van Dongen-Leunis, A, Blommestein, H.M, Huijgens, P.C, Blijlevens, N.M, Jongen-Lavrencic, M, & Uyl-de Groot, C.A. (2013). The costs of initial treatment for patients with acute myeloid leukemia in the Netherlands. Leukemia Research: clinical and laboratory studies, 37(3), 245–250. doi:10.1016/j.leukres.2012.09.018