Transfusion of banked red blood cells and the effects on hemorrheology and microvascular hemodynamics in anemic hematology outpatients
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion on the hemorrheologic properties and microcirculatory hemodynamics in anemic hematology outpatients receiving 2 to 4 RBC units of either "fresh" (leukoreduced storage for less than 1week) or "aged" (leukoreduced storage for 3-4 weeks) RBCs. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Measurements were performed before and 30 minutes after RBC transfusion in hematology outpatients. Leukoreduced RBC suspensions were stored in saline-adenine-glucose-mannitol (SAGM) additive solution. Whole blood viscosity was measured using Couette low-shear viscometry, RBC deformability and aggregability were measured using laser-assisted optical rotational cell analysis, and microcirculatory density and perfusion were assessed using sidestream dark field imaging. RESULTS: One group of patients (n=10) received a median (interquartile range) of 3 (2-3) RBC bags that were stored for 7 (5-7) days (fresh) and the other group of patients (n=10) received 3 (3-3) RBC bags that were stored for 23 (22-28) days (aged). After transfusion of fresh versus aged RBCs, hematocrit increased to 32±3% versus 31±2% (p<0.363), whole blood viscosity increased to 4.2±0.4Pa/sec versus 4.2±0.6Pa/sec (p<0.912), RBC deformability index remained unaffected, RBC aggregability index increased to 55±10 versus 55±13 (p=0.967), microcirculatory flow remained unaffected, and microcirculatory density increased to 19.3±2.5mm/mm2versus 18.7±1.9mm/mm2(p=0.595), respectively. CONCLUSION: Storing leukoreduced SAGM-suspended RBCs for 3 to 4 weeks did not affect their ability to improve hemorrheologic properties and microcirculatory hemodynamics in our small group of anemic hematology outpatients. Larger studies are needed to confirm this finding.
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
Yuruk, K, Milstein, D.M.J, Bezemer, R, Bartels, S.A, Biemond, B.J, & Ince, C. (2012). Transfusion of banked red blood cells and the effects on hemorrheology and microvascular hemodynamics in anemic hematology outpatients. Transfusion. doi:10.1111/j.1537-2995.2012.03905.x