This essay reviews some of the main interpretations in development studies on agriculture's contribution to economic development. It explores the relationship between agriculture and industry as well as between the rural and urban sectors in the process of development. These issues are discussed by analysing the so-called 'Soviet industrialisation debate', the 'urban bias' thesis, the development strategies pursued in East Asia and Latin America from a comparative perspective, the impact of neoliberal policies on rural-urban relations and the 'agriculture-for-development' proposal of the World Development Report 2008. The main argument arising from analysing these issues is that a development strategy which creates and enhances the synergies between agriculture and industry and goes beyond the rural-urban divide offers the best possibilities for generating a process of rural development able to eradicate rural poverty.

Agriculture-industry synergies, Development strategies, Rural development, Rural poverty, Rural-urban relations,
ISS Staff Group 4: Rural Development, Environment and Population , EUR-ISS-PER
The Journal of Peasant Studies
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Kay, C. (2009). Development strategies and rural development: Exploring synergies, eradicating poverty. The Journal of Peasant Studies, 36(1), 103–137. doi:10.1080/03066150902820339