This review presents an overview of the most important rodent-borne hemorrhagic fever pathogens directly transmitted from rodents to humans, namely Leptospira and hantaviruses, together with the New-and Old-World arenaviruses. These zoonotic diseases frequently share clinical symptoms, transmission routes and other epidemiological features and often have an emerging pattern. Differential diagnostics could benefit from a syndrome-based approach grouping these pathogens. In this review extensive descriptions of the epidemiology, clinical symptoms, diagnostics and treatment are provided including a practical overview, listing clinical features, diagnostics and risk factors for each selected rodent-borne hemorrhagic fever pathogen.

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Critical Reviews in Microbiology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Goeijenbier, M., Wagenaar, J., Goris, M., Martina, B., Henttonen, H., Vaheri, A., … van Gorp, E. (2013). Rodent-borne hemorrhagic fevers: Under-recognized, widely spread and preventable-epidemiology, diagnostics and treatment. Critical Reviews in Microbiology (Vol. 39, pp. 26–42). doi:10.3109/1040841X.2012.686481