Continuity and change in intergenerational family relationships: An examination of shifts in relationship type over a three-year period
Advances in Life Course Research , Volume 17 - Issue 3 p. 121- 132
This paper focuses on shifts in adult child-parent relationship type using the first two waves of the Netherlands Kinship Panel Study (NKPS). The analyses are informed by both a life transitions perspective, and a reduction of ambivalence perspective. The intergenerational relationships typology represents different combinations of solidaristic acts and conflict. We employed Latent Transition Analysis to determine the prevalence and predictors of shifts. Less than 5% of the dyads shifted to a different type. Insofar shifts took place, they were most likely from the ambivalent type, and particularly so for relationships with mothers and daughters. Offspring (re)partnering, offspring divorce, parental widowhood, parental health decline, offspring unemployment, birth of a grandchild, and moving nearer, did not predict typology shifts, whereas the number of parental divorces was too small for analyses of change. Parental repartnering prompted a shift toward the discordant type with its low probabilities of contact and support exchange, and the relatively high likelihood of conflict over personal issues. Moving away prompted a shift from the ambivalent type with its high probabilities of supportive exchanges and conflict over material and personal issues. Over a period of 3 years, there is considerably more continuity in adult child-parent relationships than change.
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Schenk, N, & Dykstra, P.A. (2012). Continuity and change in intergenerational family relationships: An examination of shifts in relationship type over a three-year period. Advances in Life Course Research, 17(3), 121–132. doi:10.1016/j.alcr.2012.01.004