Development of radiological knee osteoarthritis in patients with knee complaints
Objectives: It is currently impossible to identify which patients with knee complaints presenting to the general practitioner will develop knee osteoarthritis (OA) pathology at a later stage. This study examines the determinants for developing OA pathology on x-ray in patients with knee complaints but no radiological OA at baseline in the painful knee. Methods: Data from the prospective Rotterdam cohort study (including subjects aged ≥55 years) were used. Analysis was performed on 623 subjects with knee complaints at baseline and their data at 6-year follow-up (T1; n=607) and at 11-year follow-up (T2; n=457). At baseline, none had radiological OA (rOA=Kellgren and Lawrence (KL) grade ≥2) in the painful joint. At follow-up, predictors for rOA were determined using multivariate ordinal logistic regression analysis. Results: At T1, 8.5% of the group had developed knee rOA and, by T2, this had increased to 23%. Determinants remaining significant in the multivariate analysis were female gender (OR 1.95, 95% CI 1.15 to 3.36), other joint complaints (OR 2.22, 95% CI 1.12 to 4.35) and KL grade 1 at baseline in the painful knee joint (OR 7.14, 95% CI 4.55 to 11.1). All outcomes are adjusted for all included determinants. Conclusion: The best predictors of development of knee rOA are a combination of female gender, other joint complaints and KL grade 1 in the painful joint. KL grade 1 in combination with knee pain should be considered as early OA in patient management.
|Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in the rheumatic diseases|
|Organisation||Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam|
de Klerk, B.M, Willemsen, S.P, Schiphof, D, van Meurs, J.B.J, Koes, B.W, Hofman, A, & Bierma-Zeinstra, S.M. (2012). Development of radiological knee osteoarthritis in patients with knee complaints. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases: an international peer-reviewed journal for health professionals and researchers in the rheumatic diseases, 71(6), 905–910. doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2011-200172