Background This study aimed to calculate the treatment costs of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in the Netherlands for 2012. Also, the degree of association between treatment costs of AMI and some patient and hospital characteristics was examined. Methods For this retrospective cost analysis, patients were drawn from the database of the Diagnosis Treatment Combination (Diagnose Behandeling Combinatie, DBC) casemix system, which contains data on the resource use of all hospitalisations in the Netherlands. All costs were based on Euro 2012 cost data. Results The analysis was based on data of 25,657 patients. Mean treatment costs were estimated at € 5021, with significant cost increases for patients with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) treatment. ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients receiving thrombolysis incurred the lowest (€ 4286), while non-STEMI patients receiving PCI the highest costs (€ 6060). Length of stay and hospital type were strong predictors of treatment costs. Conclusions This study is the most extensive cost assessment of the treatment costs of AMI in the Netherlands thus far. Our results may be used as input for health-economic models and economic evaluations to support the decision making of registration, reimbursement and pricing of interventions in healthcare.

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Journal Netherlands Heart Journal
Soekhlal, R.R, Burgers, L.T, Redekop, W.K, & Tan, S.S. (2013). Treatment costs for acute myocardial infarction in the Netherlands. Netherlands Heart Journal, 21(5), 230–235. doi:10.1007/s12471-013-0386-y