A FACS-measured immunofluorescence assay was developed for the detection of antibodies directed against the hemagglutinin (H) and fusion (F) glycoproteins of measles virus (MV). Human melanoma cell lines transfected with either the MV H or F genes, which showed a high surface expression of the respective proteins in their native conformation, were used as target cells. The cells were incubated with diluted plasma samples, and stained subsequently with FITC-conjugated secondary antibodies. The FACS-measured fluorescence signals correlated directly with the amount of specific immunoglobulins over a wide concentration range. The use of different conjugates enabled the separate detection of MV-specific IgG, IgM, IgA and IgG subclasses, with relatively low backgrounds. Hemagglutinin-specific IgG, IgM and IgA fluorescence signals were shown to correlate well with MV- specific IgG ELISA titers and MV-specific IgM or IgA capture ELISA OD450- values, respectively. The polyclonal conjugates with specificity for human immunoglobulins offered sufficient cross-reactivity to detect MV-specific IgG, IgM and IgA in plasma samples of cynomolgus macaques, making this technique a useful tool for studying serological responses in vaccination and challenge experiments in non-human primate models.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Antibodies, Fusion protein, Hemagglutinin, Immunofluorescence, Measles virus, Serology
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0166-0934(97)00188-2, hdl.handle.net/1765/39756
Journal Journal of Virological Methods
Citation
de Swart, R.L, Vos, H.W, Uytdehaag, F.G.C.M, Osterhaus, A.D.M.E, & van Binnendijk, R.S. (1998). Measles virus fusion protein- and hemagglutinin-transfected cell lines are a sensitive tool for the detection of specific antibodies by a FACS- measured immunofluorescence assay. Journal of Virological Methods, 71(1), 35–44. doi:10.1016/S0166-0934(97)00188-2