OBJECTIVE: To compare the cost-effectiveness of hepatitis B virus (HBV) control strategies combining universal vaccination with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) treatment for neonates of carrier mothers. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan's experience, we developed a decision-analytic model to estimate the clinical and economic outcomes for 4 strategies: (1) strategy V - universal vaccination; (2) strategy S - V plus screening for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) and HBIG treatment for HBsAg-positive mothers' neonates; (3) strategy E - V plus screening for hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg), HBIG for HBeAg-positive mothers' neonates; (4) strategy S&E - V plus screening for HBsAg then HBeAg, HBIG for all HBeAg-positive, and some HBeAg-negative/HBsAg- positive mothers' neonates. RESULTS: Strategy S averted the most infections, followed by S&E, E, and V. In most cases, the more effective strategies were also more costly. The willingness-to-pay (WTP) above which strategy S was cost-effective rose as carrier rate declined and was <$4000 per infection averted for carrier rates >5%. The WTP below which strategy V was optimal also increased as carrier rate declined, from $1400 at 30% carrier rate to $3100 at 5% carrier rate. Strategies involving E were optimal for an intermediate range of WTP that narrowed as carrier rate declined. CONCLUSIONS: HBIG treatment for neonates of HBsAg carrier mothers is likely to be a cost-effective addition to universal vaccination, particularly in settings with adequate health care infrastructure. Targeting HBIG to neonates of higher risk HBeAg-positive mothers may be preferred where WTP is moderate. However, in very resource-limited settings, universal vaccination alone is optimal. Copyright

Carrier rate, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Hepatitis B, Immunoglobulin, Vaccination
dx.doi.org/10.1542/peds.2012-1262, hdl.handle.net/1765/39871
Pediatrics (English Edition)
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Chen, S.C.C, Toy, M, Yeh, J.M, Wang, J.D, & Resch, S. (2013). Cost-effectiveness of augmenting universal hepatitis B vaccination with immunoglobin treatment. Pediatrics (English Edition), 131(4). doi:10.1542/peds.2012-1262