All colorectal surgeons are faced from time to time with anastomotic leakage after colorectal surgery. This complication has been studied extensively without a significant reduction of incidence over the last 30 years. New techniques of prevention, by innovative anastomotic techniques should improve results in the future, but standardization and "teachability" should be guaranteed. Risk scoring enables intra-operative decision-making whether to restore continuity or deviate. Early detection can lead to reduction in delay of diagnosis as long as a standard system is used. For treatment options, no firm evidence is available, but future studies could focus on repair and saving of the anastomosis on the one hand or anastomotical breakdown and definitive colostomy on the other hand.

anastomosis leakage, article, colorectal disease, colorectal surgery, computer assisted tomography, decision making, early diagnosis, intraoperative awareness, postoperative care, risk factor, surgical technique
dx.doi.org/10.3748/wjg.v19.i15.2293, hdl.handle.net/1765/40197
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Erasmus MC: University Medical Center Rotterdam

Daams, F, Luyer, M, & Lange, J.F. (2013). Colorectal anastomotic leakage: Aspects of prevention, detection and treatment. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 19(15), 2293–2297. doi:10.3748/wjg.v19.i15.2293